Are HYPNOTISTS required to join the
College of registered Psychotherapists of ontario?

“The practice of psychotherapy is distinct from both counselling, where the focus is on the provision of information, advice-giving, encouragement and instruction, and spiritual counselling, which is counselling related to religion or faith-based beliefs.”
— ” HPRAC: New Directions, 2006; Chapter 7, Regulation of Psychotherapy, p. 208.

Upon direction from the Health Professions Regulatory Advisory Counsel (HPRAC), the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO) does not regulate counsellors or counselling. However, psychotherapy and counselling can be highly interrelated.

There is no need for counsellors whose work falls outside the scope of the practice of psychotherapy to become registered. CRPO recognizes that there is a significant overlap between certain kinds of counselling and psychotherapy. 

Moreover, motivational hypnosis used in a coaching situation is also exempt.

What is Not the
Controlled Act of Psychotherapy?

The controlled act of psychotherapy does not apply in the following cases:

 Regulated or unregulated providers providing information, encouragement, advice, or instructions about emotional, social, educational, or spiritual matters where the goal in the relationship with the client is to provide support, information, and choices to the client for follow-up plans (this would include first point of contact after a mental health crisis following a traumatic event)

 Interactions whose primary goal is improvement for a client who does not have significant impairments such as a disorder of thought, cognition, mood, perception, emotional regulation, or memory that could negatively affect the client’s judgement, insight, behaviour, communication, or social functioning

 Activities such as counselling, coaching, crisis intervention/management, motivational interviewing, information/advice and knowledge transfer, spiritual or faith guidance, rehabilitation aimed at helping an individual deal with symptoms of a medical illness, clinical follow-up, family counselling (including of family members), and psychological education intended to teach skills

 Interactions that do not include a defined treatment plan and implementation of a psychotherapeutic technique and a therapeutic relationship, as defined earlier in this document.

For further clarity, the following terms are defined:

  • COACHING is “partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximize their personal and professional potential. Coaching supports personal growth based on self-initiated change in pursuit of specific, actionable outcomes.”

  • COUNSELLING is an episodic encounter limited to providing assistance and support after making a preliminary assessment regarding a mental health concern to help a patient develop a follow-up plan involving linkages to community agencies or support networks; may include the controlled act of psychotherapy.

  • CRISIS MANAGEMENT INTERACTION is usually focused first on addressing the crisis; the therapeutic relationship is shorter term and the impairment is addressed once the person has stabilized.

Sourced From “What is the Controlled Act of Psychotherapy?”
— Pg. 16; Alternative Clarification Document, Final - November 1, 2017 - HPRAC